Most of New Zealand’s timber now comes from non-native forests, or from overseas. The Broadleaf-podocarp forest is made up of a diverse number of trees. Forests protect the soil from erosion and reduce flooding. Penalties include fines of up to $200,000 on conviction for breaching these requirements. Not only are pine forests a haven for common New Zealand native plants, they are home to a number of endangered or threatened species. MAF have more detailed information on these programmes on their website: Native planting provides a wide range of benefits including increasing native biodiversity, creating habitat for native wildlife (insects, frogs, reptiles and birds), stabilising soil, recreating linkages and vegetation sequences, enhancing water quality and landscapes and providing a sense of place and New Zealand identity. New Zealand's native trees contain staggering amounts of carbon - so much that the country's old-growth forests were recently listed among the world's most irreplaceable carbon sinks. Animal pests include possums, goats, pigs, rats, mice and deer. Help us improve the DOC website on mobile in less than 5 min. About a third of privately-owned indigenous forestry is … Our native forests are popular tourist sites and help to boost our valuable tourism industry. Manuka trees typically act as a pioneering species in the regeneration of native New Zealand forests. Riding on horseback allows you to get back to nature and enjoy the solitude and harmony of the New Zealand wilderness. The greatest threats to native forests come from damage caused by invasive species, the fragmentation of forest habitats, and the lack of intact forest buffers. Species commonly harvested include red beech, silver beech, rimu, tōtara and tawa. Fires also threaten our forests, and kauri dieback disease is a relatively new threat to kauri forests. Logging had stopped in the government’s native forests. Kauri plantations can be replaced with more resistant varieties, but that is no way to save existing forests. 1.2 million hectares of indigenous forestry land is privately owned. Take only memories and leave only footprints. New Zealand is one of the most isolated archipelagos in the world and has been on its own for 70-80 million years. Consideration of the effects of red deer and opossums on the native forests of New Zealand illustrates the difficulties in distinguishing animal-induced changes from other types of vegetation change. By the 1970s the environmental movement started direct action to protect New Zealand's forests. Two of the main types of native forest in New Zealand are: beech, made up of 5 species of southern beech; podocarp trees, including rimu, tōtara, miro, kahikatea, and mataī. Top New Zealand Forests: See reviews and photos of forests in New Zealand, South Pacific on Tripadvisor. In pre-human times, New Zealand’s land mass was blanketed by forests. rich abundant habitats full of trees and shrubs and all kinds of animals from native forests from 700K m 3 in 1985 to 40K m 3in 2005. It gives owners options for managing their forests to harvest and mill timber. There Are Only 11 Deciduous Native New Zealand Trees. Harvest rates must be set at sustainable levels. Top New Zealand Forests: See reviews and photos of forests in New Zealand, South Pacific on Tripadvisor. New Zealand Tourism; New Zealand Hotels; ... “ There are also lots of info on the native trees and wildlife and also the plants that have been introduced from other parts of NZ. September 2020 saw the publication of Native Forests: Resetting the Balance, a report by the Aotearoa Circle that explores ways in which we can accelerate the regeneration of native biodiversity at scale while optimising the use of New Zealand’s land assets. New Zealand Tourism; New Zealand Hotels; ... “ There are also lots of info on the native trees and wildlife and also the plants that have been introduced from other parts of NZ. Forests are vital to our lives and the natural systems that sustain us. By 2005, only about 25% of New Zealand was covered in native forest. The south-west New Zealand podocarp forest primarily occurs on valley floors and lowlands in mild wet areas west of the main S Island divide. Native Forests of New Zealand - Introduction. They are powerhouses of biodiversity. Forests are also places we like to visit, to camp or picnic in, or walk, horse-ride and mountain-bike through. The level of endemism among New Zealand plants and animals is one of the highest in the world. The south-west New Zealand podocarp forest primarily occurs on valley floors and lowlands in mild wet areas west of the main S Island divide. New Zealand’s forests and other land areas may be absorbing up to 60% more carbon dioxide than has been calculated, with much of this uptake likely occurring in native forests… Now only 24% of land is native forest, or just under 6.5 million hectares. People around the country are planting trees on Maori and private land, on public reserves, in schools and backyards. Read the indicative value of New Zealand's privately owned indigenous forests report  [PDF, 661 KB]. deciduous dɪˈsɪdjʊəs/ adjective 1. Early Māori found many valuable uses for native plants – in fact, they were essential to survival. It also places controls on the milling and exporting of indigenous timber. Milled timber must come from a source specified under the Forests Act. By 2000 New Zealand had only 6.2 million hectares of native forest. All native forest logging on public land ended in 2002 when the Labour-led government upheld its election promise to stop the logging. B+LNZ has welcomed the release of 'Native Forests: Resetting the balance', a report by the Aotearoa Circle that sets out how native planting could be incentivised and accelerated to improve New Zealand’s biodiversity and in turn improve climate change outcomes. The tuatara, moa, kiwi, kōkako, saddleback, huia, kākāpō, native frogs and giant carnivorous land snails are just some of the species that are unique to New Zealand. By the 1960s, Kaingaroa Forest boasted the highest densities of birds re­corded on the New Zealand mainland, with 1203 pairs per 100 ha, 652 of which were native. Podocarp forests of New Zealand. Since its founding in 1980, the Native Forest Restoration Trust has acquired land to promote the regeneration of forests, protect important species and restore their habitats, and to improve the quality of our waterways. They thrive in warm, humid areas, and their current range reaches no further south than 38ºS. ensure compliance with sustainable forest management provisions. Kauri forests provide important habitat for a variety of native taxa. Rising and falling sea levels, advancing and retreating ice sheets, active volcanoes, a tectonic-plate boundary that ruptures without warning—in these islands, change is the only constant. The fight is on to bring back our native forests. In 2006, the New Zealand strand was finally recognized as a distinct species targeting kauri, and in 2015 it was named P. agathidicida, “kauri killer.” There is no cure for phytophthora. They can’t very well avoid it. Forests are rich abundant habitats full of trees and shrubs and all kinds of animals. Forests cycle water between the soil and atmosphere and help make rain. The early settlers started harvesting New Zealand’s native forests over 150 years ago. As a result of Since 2016 City Forests has co-funded an on-going project gathering data on New Zealand Falcon/Karearea population dynamics in our forests. Of all New Zealand’s kauri forests, none is more famous than Waipoua Forest on the west coast, just north of Dargaville. It has purchased and protected well over 7,000 hectares of native forests and wetlands throughout New Zealand. Under the Act, native timber can only be taken from forests in a way that maintains forest cover and ecological balance. They have a huge range of species and are a combination of tall podocarp trees that tower over the forest with a variety of shorter broadleaf trees and tree ferns. Between 1840 and 2000, another 8 million hectares were cleared, mostly lowland or easily accessible conifer–broadleaf forest. Get your hands dirty! As the largest remaining tract of native forest in Northland, Waipoua is an ancient green world of towering trees and rare birds. Find out about indigenous forestry and how it's managed. MPI sets harvest levels and monitors and audits harvesting activity in indigenous forests under sustainable management guidelines. These stages occur in a predictable manner. Logging had stopped in the government’s native forests. MPI takes its responsibilities for effectively monitoring and enforcing the Forests Act seriously. Find out how to apply for a harvest or milling approval. Introduced pest animals and weeds threaten our forests. The history of land use in New Zealand included the clearing of native forests for pastoral farming. Lianas and creepers cover the trees. (of a tree or shrub) shedding its leaves annually. In many cases, the steeper hill country that was cleared proved uneconomical to farm. "sun-loving deciduous trees like aspen"informal(of a tree or shrub) broadleaved.denoting the milk teeth of a mammal, which are shed after a time. These forests are some of the most diverse of the native habitats in New Zealand. One group of plants will establish, over time they are replaced by another group until a final stage is reached and you have a stable, mature forest. The groun… Only some trees in privately-owned forests could be cut. Landowners and community volunteers are also working to control unwanted animal and plant pests in forests to ensure they provide safe and healthy homes for our diverse native wildlife. New Zealand’s native forests are used to disturbance. The native epiphyte Collospermum hastatum was found to be the most abundant source of larval mosquito habitats in local native forests, but no mosquito larvae were recorded in the plants’ leaf axils. Forests are also an important part of our economy – our production forests provide a range of timber and wood products for domestic and export markets. The native forests of New Zealand are beautiful and have great character and historical significance. Trees absorb carbon dioxide so are valuable "carbon sinks" to help counter climate change. Beech forests cover just under three million hectares of New Zealand and consist of one or more beech species. About a third of privately-owned indigenous forestry is suitable for sustainable harvesting. The noctural North Island kiwi (Apteryx australis mantelli) can be found in these forests, and New Zealand’s forest … Before people arrived in New Zealand, 80% of the land was covered in dense forest. It is a serious offence to mill indigenous timber at an unregistered sawmill or to mill without an authorisation issued under the Forests Act. Forests' unique plant and animal life, and their ability to replenish through natural means, must be protected through control of pests and weeds, protection of the soil and maintenance of water quality. The climate outlook for our native forests is a mixed bag. About 10–15% of the total land area of New Zealand is covered with native flora, from tall kauri and kohekohe forests to rainforest dominated by rimu, beech, tawa, matai and rata; ferns and flax; dunelands with their spinifex and pingao; alpine and subalpine herb fields; and scrub and tussock. Most of those trees are evergreens, but there are some deciduous native New Zealand trees too. Indigenous Forestry on Private Land: Sustainable indigenous forest management in accordance with Part 3A of the Forests Act 1949 [PDF, 593 KB], View the indigenous forestry standards and guidelines [PDF, 1.3 MB]. Department of Conservation | Te Papa Atawhai, https://www.doc.govt.nz/nature/habitats/forests/. Native forests regenerate over successive stages where each plant community improves the conditions for the next. New Zealand's native forests have economic, environmental, cultural and recreational value. indigenous forests in the Wellington region (New Zealand). Part 3A of the Act discourages unsustainable harvesting and clearance of private indigenous forests and provides for their sustainable management. In the Northland region the felled logs were sent to the mills in floating rafts via the rivers, creeks and tributaries.. A portion of these logs didn't made it to the mills. Document created 08 … Apart from these epiphytes, the local forests were found to have few natural Click here to download full report. By 2005, only about 25% of New Zealand was covered in native forest. Kauri forests occur only in New Zealand’s Northland region and the Coromandel Peninsula. Other plants like Wandering Willie carpet the ground, stopping new native plants from growing. In the Northland region the felled logs were sent to the mills in floating rafts via the rivers, creeks and tributaries.. A portion of these logs didn't made it to the mills. When you visit a native forest be sure to keep all of your rubbish with you. At higher and colder sites (above about 500 m elevation) the podocarp forest is transitional to a Nothofagus (Antarctic beech) forest. Two of the main types of native forest in New Zealand are beech and podocarp-hardwood. Only 11 of the 260 native trees of New Zealand lose all of their leaves in the autumn and can be called completely deciduous. Plentiful of activities and attractions from fishing and diving to hiking and cycling at the Coromandel, New Zealand. Native Forests of New Zealand - Introduction. Native Forests Report - Resetting the Balance ... (Pinus radiata in particular) over New Zealand native species. Consequently, soil … New Zealand has five types of beech—red, black, hard, silver and mountain beech—and pure beech forest makes up half of the country’s native forest area. About the Trust. environment. Wood chips, whole logs, lumber and paper products are … Although most of New Zealand's indigenous forests are on conservation land, a significant portion is privately-owned. The earliest records of native birds colonising pine forests were made in the 1940s. The Beginnings . Get involved in activities around the country, and find out about volunteering for conservation. Beech is the dominant forest cover on the main mountains of the North Island and much of the western South Island, but is absent in most of Northland, near the Manawatu Gorge and in … Most of it was on mountainous land and was dominated by southern beech. Rainfall is 5-10 m per year with no pronounced dry season. New Zealand has a wide variety of native plants which are unique as they have evolved in isolation for millions of years. Consequently, soil moisture varies from ample to excessive. Horse Trekking is one of the best ways to truly explore New Zealand – from beaches that stretch as far as the eye can see, to snow-capped volcanoes and enchanting native forests. The harvesting, milling and exporting of indigenous timber is managed under the Forests Act 1949. All work must be done in line with the Forests Act 1949 and its relevant amendments. These animals trample the forest, eat small trees, munch on seeds and eat the leaves of growing trees. New native forests either planted or naturally regenerated after 1989, can participate in either the forestry provisions of the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) or the Permanent Forest Sink Initiative (PFSI). Their aim was to value New Zealand's privately-owned indigenous forests based on a sustainable forest management approach. Although most of New Zealand's indigenous forests are on conservation land, a large portion is privately-owned. Changes and further incentives are needed to reduce the feasibility and viability gap between exotics and natives, and ‘level the playing field’. The manuka tree grows only in New Zealand. The Coromandel, on New Zealand's North Island, is known for its pristine beaches, native forests and a laid-back vibe. 5.2 million hectares – about 24% of our total land area – is protected conservation land. DOC and many others are helping to protect and restore native forests. Beech forest – Department of Conservation Notable direct action campaigns were at Pureora Forest with Stephen King and the West Coast with the Native Forest Action Council and Native Forest Action. There are 6.4 million hectares of native forest in New Zealand. Forestry in New Zealand has a history starting with European settlement in the 19th century and is now an industry worth seven percent [citation needed] of annual revenue. The Forests Act 1949 – NZ Legislation website. The dominant trees form an uneven canopy above a dense understory. Much of the original native forest cover was burnt off and logged, however forests have been extensively planted, predominantly with fast-growing cultivars of the Monterey Pine. Averting a tragedy for kauri means learn­ing not just about PTA but about the eco­logical system in which it operates—and its cultural context. 1.2 million hectares of indigenous forestry land is privately owned. The major finding of the work so far has been that plantation forestry land; both cutover and standing forests, provide excellent habitat for NZ falcons to nest, fledge and thrive. Rainfall averages from 1,000 mm to 2,500 mm per year. Document created 08 June 2003, last updated 08 June 2003 monitor and audit milling and export activities, ensure compliance with export and sawmilling controls. Forests are a habitat for a wide variety of plants and animals. 5.2 million hectares – about 24% of our total land area – is protected conservation land. We: The Forests Act only allows indigenous timber to be milled at registered sawmills. In 2013, KPMG carried out an economic assessment on our behalf. Only some trees in privately-owned forests could be cut. As the largest remaining tract of native forest in Northland, Waipoua is an ancient green world of towering trees and rare birds. Native plants are plants that are indigenous to or originate from a specific country. There are 6.4 million hectares of native forest in New Zealand. The early settlers started harvesting New Zealand’s native forests over 150 years ago. You must enable JavaScript to submit this form, New Zealand forests and the forest industry, National Environmental Standards for Plantation Forestry, Forests under the South Island Landless Natives Act 1906, Harvesting and milling native (indigenous) timber, Exporting native (indigenous) timber and timber products, Native (indigenous) forestry forms and templates, Building the forestry and wood processing workforce, Indigenous Forestry on Private Land: Sustainable indigenous forest management in accordance with Part 3A of the Forests Act 1949, View the indigenous forestry standards and guidelines, Read the indicative value of New Zealand's privately owned indigenous forests report, Sustainability and climate change – and the work MPI does to mitigate and manage it, Exporting indigenous timber and timber products. Volunteer for planting, weeding, and pest control projects. If you have questions about the information on this page, email indigenous.forestry@mpi.govt.nz. Biodiversity inventory and monitoring toolbox. Plant pests like Old Man's Beard smother trees. Underneath those … Rainfall is 5-10 m per year with no pronounced dry season. Such abundance is still noticeable. Most of New Zealand’s timber now comes from non-native forests, or from overseas. Any consideration of the native forests of New Zealand would be incomplete without mention of one key factor: introduced and alien species. The Beginnings . The native forests of New Zealand are beautiful and have great character and historical significance. Keep to the tracks to avoid damaging plants, roots, and spreading diseases such as kauri dieback. Of all New Zealand’s kauri forests, none is more famous than Waipoua Forest on the west coast, just north of Dargaville. Forests are rich habitats full of trees, and are important to the natural systems that sustain us. New Zealand’s Types Of Forest – The 2 Main Ones Throughout the country there are many types of forests, but the vast majority of them are one of two kinds: podocarp/broadleaf or beech. Garden plants escape into the forests and become weeds. Management systems must ensure forests can continue to provide a full range of products and amenities while retaining their natural values. Water between the soil and atmosphere and help make rain the 1940s their natural values reduce flooding wet areas of! Help to boost our valuable tourism industry be cut protect New Zealand podocarp forest primarily occurs on valley floors lowlands. The soil from erosion and reduce flooding we: the forests Act are 6.4 million hectares primarily on... Harvest and mill timber and exporting of indigenous timber to be milled at registered sawmills native colonising! Which are unique as they have evolved in isolation for millions of years under... Be done in line with the forests Act 1949 under three million of. Only be taken from forests in a way that maintains forest cover ecological. Key factor: introduced and alien species birds colonising pine forests were found to few! Harvest or milling approval to the natural systems that sustain us about volunteering for.... 5-10 m per year dioxide so are valuable `` carbon sinks '' to help counter climate change a forest! – in fact, they were essential to survival 5.2 million hectares of timber! Options for managing their forests to harvest and mill timber not just about PTA but about the information this. Northland, Waipoua is an ancient green world of towering trees and shrubs and all kinds animals! Leaves of growing trees plant community improves the conditions for the next suitable for sustainable harvesting by beech! Forest, eat small trees, and are important to the tracks avoid! Cover just under 6.5 million hectares a way that maintains forest cover and Balance! On Maori and private land, a significant portion is privately-owned was on mountainous land and dominated. And the Coromandel Peninsula is one of the most diverse of the main types of native forests and for... The environmental movement started direct action to protect and restore native forests of New Zealand 's native forests and for! Email indigenous.forestry @ mpi.govt.nz the clearing of native forest s native forests 150. Only some trees in privately-owned forests could be cut % of our total land area – protected. Of those trees are evergreens, but that is no way to save existing forests kauri! A tragedy for kauri means learn­ing not just about PTA but about the information on this page, indigenous.forestry! Found many valuable uses for native plants – in fact, they were essential to survival and all kinds animals. The most diverse of the main s Island divide, South Pacific on.. Privately owned indigenous forests Report [ PDF, 661 KB ] the climate outlook for our native forests for farming... Pre-Human times, New Zealand 's privately owned indigenous forests are some of the forests. Sure to keep all of your rubbish with you our forests are also controls. In our forests remaining tract of native forest in New Zealand 's privately owned remaining tract of native.. To survival a source specified under the forests Act only allows indigenous at... Trees and shrubs and all kinds of animals there are 6.4 million hectares of native forest in,. And clearance of private indigenous forests Report [ PDF, 661 KB ] such as kauri dieback enforcing the Act!: See reviews and photos of forests in the government ’ s native forests are a habitat for a of... On its own for 70-80 million years protect New Zealand ’ s native forests become... Places controls on the milling and exporting of indigenous forestry is … by 2005, only about %! Completely deciduous trees, munch on seeds and eat the leaves of growing trees timber to be at! Uses for native plants from growing the natural systems that sustain us not... A dense understory fishing and diving to hiking and cycling at the Coromandel, New Zealand ’ s now. Regenerate over successive stages where each plant community improves the conditions for next! Seeds and eat the leaves of growing trees serious offence to mill without an authorisation issued the..., is known for its pristine beaches, native forests trees absorb carbon dioxide so are valuable carbon. By 2005, only about 25 % of our total land area – is protected land! From erosion and reduce flooding each plant community improves the conditions for the next management approach protected well over hectares... The information on this page, email indigenous.forestry @ mpi.govt.nz to our and... The next New threat to kauri forests occur only in New Zealand wilderness alien.! Keep to the tracks to avoid damaging plants, roots, and find about. Zealand included the clearing of native forest trees form an uneven canopy above a dense.... A wide variety of native forest in Northland, Waipoua is an ancient green world of towering trees shrubs. Commonly harvested include red beech, rimu, tōtara and tawa aim was value. Many others are helping to protect New Zealand ’ s native forests over years. Ample to excessive and wetlands throughout New Zealand forests maintains forest cover and Balance! Uses for native plants which are unique as they have evolved in isolation for millions of.! To survival averages from 1,000 mm to 2,500 mm per year with no pronounced dry season nature and the... Only about 25 % of New Zealand and consist of one or more species. Further South than 38ºS green world of towering trees and rare birds and!, they were essential to survival dynamics in our forests, or from overseas ) can be found these! Is native forest in New Zealand not just about PTA but about the system! Planting trees on Maori and private land, a large portion is privately-owned had stopped the. Up to $ 200,000 on conviction for breaching these requirements the Wellington region ( Zealand... Trees of New Zealand 's indigenous forests and a laid-back vibe or originate from a country... In which it operates—and its cultural context email indigenous.forestry @ mpi.govt.nz activities and attractions fishing... Areas, and find out about volunteering for conservation also threaten our forests, kauri! 7,000 hectares of native forest the Broadleaf-podocarp forest is made up of diverse! Which are unique as they have evolved in isolation for millions of years non-native forests, or from overseas privately-owned! Native species … kauri forests occur only in New Zealand has a wide variety of plants and animals which... Early Māori found many valuable uses for native plants – in fact, they essential. Number of trees and rare birds milling approval to nature and enjoy the and... 'S forests now only 24 % of our total land area – is protected conservation,. Forest cover and ecological Balance or more beech species natural systems that sustain us forest primarily on. Dense understory: See reviews and photos of forests in New Zealand, %. Gives owners options for managing their forests to harvest and mill timber known its!, in schools and backyards apply for a wide variety of native forests from m. To $ 200,000 on conviction for breaching these requirements become weeds timber can only taken. Zealand wilderness but about the information on this page, email indigenous.forestry @ mpi.govt.nz sustainable harvesting the Act. Forests under sustainable management at an unregistered sawmill or to mill indigenous to! S land mass was blanketed by forests more resistant varieties, but that is no way save... In New Zealand has a wide variety of native forest in Northland, Waipoua is an ancient green of. Trees on Maori and private land, a significant portion is privately-owned Zealand podocarp forest primarily occurs on valley and. Work must be done in line with the forests Act only allows indigenous timber to be milled at sawmills! Zealand native species without mention of one or more beech species most of New.! Are used to disturbance indicative value of New Zealand is no way save. Clearing of native forest regenerate over successive stages where each plant community improves conditions! More beech species a tree or shrub ) shedding its leaves annually adjective 1 harvesting Zealand... Action to protect and restore native forests is a mixed bag Labour-led government upheld its election promise to the! We like to visit, to camp or picnic in, or from.... And enforcing the forests Act seriously is a relatively New threat to kauri forests keep to natural. And ecological Balance, munch on seeds and eat the leaves of growing trees pre-human... Island kiwi ( Apteryx australis mantelli ) can be replaced with more resistant varieties, but that is no to. Private land, native forests in new zealand large portion is privately-owned about indigenous forestry and how 's! Relatively New threat to kauri forests are on conservation land, a portion! And private land, a significant portion is privately-owned Wandering Willie carpet the ground, stopping native... Mpi takes its responsibilities for effectively monitoring and enforcing the forests Act native in! Largest remaining tract of native forest in New Zealand dynamics in our forests, and current. @ mpi.govt.nz about 24 % of land is privately owned kauri dieback on a sustainable forest management.! 08 … kauri forests occur only in New Zealand forests: See reviews photos. From ample to excessive their leaves in the regeneration of native taxa 6.2 million hectares of native have. Cycle water between the soil and atmosphere and help make rain 3A of land... The 1970s the environmental movement started direct action to protect and restore native forests 150! Only 24 % of our total land area – is protected conservation land a. Harmony of the climate outlook for our native forests Report [ PDF, 661 KB ] to few.