For improving the relationships between the two and to resolve their conflict, the following steps may be taken: 1. Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. Here his level of efficiency is not the same that is why most of the time the organization activities suffer due to overloading. Lack of coordination is another glaring defect of line and staff organization structure. It explains the tasks of every worker in an organization. Staff department managers have a more limited role in leading their teams to optimal performance. A line-and-staff organizational structure features multiple layers of managers, assistant managers and supervisors, all of whom report to a single managing director. 3. Employees may get bored because they do the same repetitive type of work all the time. 3. It is the simplest form of organization and very simple to understand and implement. Today we will learn a little more about the functional organizational structure. Relief to Line Executives: The Staff officers look after the detailed analysis of each important managerial activity which is a big relief to the line officers. When staff Specialists are incorporated into the organization and are placed upon the same (line) Authoritative level as the line executives. Line and staff organization has greater flexibility, in the sense that new specialized activities can be added to the line activities without disturbing the line procedure. Directness: Since the authority flows directly from the immediate superior, each employee knows to whom he is responsible.3. Line and Staff Organization. All this adds to the overhead expenses and the … As a result, the key decision makers in the organization are well … Line organization assumes that direct authority is exercised by a superior over his subordinates. Organizational structure: types of organizational structures (line organizations, line-and-Stuff organizations, committee and matrix organization). A primary trait of a line-and-staff structure is that the roles of line leaders is more expansive than the roles of staff department leaders. Staff authority should be restricted to a purely advisory role. A line organisation has only direct, vertical relationships between different levels in the firm. This means that there are less wages, fringe benefits, and so on, to pay for management. In the line and staff type of organization, the staff specialist does not have the authority to enforce his recommendations. In this type, a greater variety of responsible jobs are available and this provides more opportunities for advancement of capable workers. Even the workers at the lower level can understand the structure of this organization.2. The line organisation represents the structure in a direct vertical relationship through which authority flows. Demerits of line and staff organization 1. In this article, we are going to review the advantages and disadvantages of each organizational structure: Functional, Projectized, and Matrix. The following diagram shows line and staff organisation: Advantages of Line and Staff Organisation: This organisation has the following advantages: 1. It can be easily define and explain to all staff. They pointed out that “the degree of authority exists in all organization as on uninterrupted scale or series. Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. Lack of teamwork and reduced flexibility may cause conflicts between departments and units. Hence, there is greater flexibility in the organisation. The viewpoints of both line and staff of this conflict are given below: A. Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure. Below are some merits and advantages of line organization or vertical organization 1. (ii) Staff authorities are not acquainted with the practical problems of the enterprise as they are only academics. Start studying CHAPTER 2 Section One - (Organizational Structure) CAIB 4. There are several things he must manage independently. Quick Decision. Line officers should give due consideration to staff advice. Advantages and disadvantages of line and staff style of organizations Omolaja Muhammad 7 Abstract In the paper we discussed the fact that the dichotomous concepts of modern organizations exist in reality. When we draw the line it is always straight the only point is it can be either be drawn vertically or horizontally and in the case of the company which follows the line organization structure it refers to that process in which the authority flows from top to down in a vertical manner and not in a horizontal manner. Persons with specialized knowledge are appointed to help line officers. Therefore, employees are skilled in tasks pertaining to their departments alone. The limits of authority of both line and staff should be prescribed clearly. Advice is only theoretical and unrealistic. Every person is crystal clear to whom he is answerable and who are accountable to him. The advice of staff should be realistic and practicable. Advantages and Disadvantages of Functional Organizational Structure. If you want to learn more about organizational structure types in Project Management you should check out our 100% Online and Self-Paced Project Management Professional Certification Training . 2. Flexibility. 5. There are only line… 3. 5. Additionally, a line manager cannot be a specialist in all areas. Below are some merits and advantages of line organization or vertical organization. In this form of organization responsibilities are fixed and defined. A line manager is responsible of achieving the main objectives of the organization by executing main functions such as policy making, target setting and decision making. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line authority. This is capable of adjusting itself quickly to changing circumstances. Conflict between Line and Staff: One more important disadvantage is the conflict between the line and staff officers. By this method, specialisation is attained. What Are the Disadvantages of a Flat Organizational Structure? Different types of jobs are looked after, supervised and control by executive. 4. 5. This is the oldest form of organization. Due to confusion and lack of proper communication, there is a chance of misinterpretation. Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. 2. In this type of organization shifting of responsibility is not possible because responsibilities are fixed. The Staff Viewpoint. One of the disadvantages of the line organization is that the line executives lack specialization. (ii) Line officers reject the advice without giving reasons. Divisional structure offers many advantages over functioned structure especially in terms of autonomy for efficient management, management development, increasing organizational size up to any limit, and taking into account of specific problems related with each product or territory contributing to the overall objectives of the firm. The Line Viewpoint. Cooperation and communication between departments and units may be poor. If unfortunately it is not there the attainment of objectives may not be smooth. Unifie… Specialization: Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. Simplicity. 2. Thus, this syste… Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. It can be easily define and explain to all staff. Advantages of Line And Staff Structure Organization | Management 1. 5. If an organization gets larger, it will be difficult t… Responsibility is fixed.In this form of organization responsibilities are fixed and defined. Give examples of line organization, line and staff organization and matrix organization. Functional Organisational Structure – With Advantages and Disadvantages . In this type of organization shifting of responsibility is not possible because responsibilities are fixed. 4. Staff authorities have the following complaints against line officers: (i) Line officers do not make proper use of advice given by staff. 4. 2. Over loading. (v) Staff take credit if the programme (as per the advice of the staff) is successful and blame the line if it is not successful. This is because each department manager is concerned only with the activities of his own department. 6. 2. 1. 4. Advantage And Disadvantage Of Line Staff Structure. Unified Control. Simplicity. This obviously flows from fixed responsibility because of which the executive is sole master in his own sphere of activity. 3. In line organisat… 2. There is … Under this, the line of authority flows vertically downward from top to bottom throughout the organization. 3. 6. Salary-related expenses are reduced, enabling the company to save money as well as provide better pay for its workers.2. As with any kind of organizational structure, there are benefits and setbacks to the line and staff model. B. The quantum of authority is highest at the top and reduces at each successive level down the hierarchy. Specialisation: The staff officers concentrate mainly on the planning function and the line officers on the "doing" function. Under the line type of organisation, one person is in charge of all the activities relating to a department or section but there is a difficulty of getting men with sufficient capacity and training who can … It Promotes Faster Decision Making Another advantage about a flat organiza… Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. Academic library - free online college e textbooks - info{at}ebrary.net - © 2014 - 2020. Also Read: Advantages Of Line And Staff Organization 1. Simplicity: This system is very simple and can operate very easily. Single authority, unified control and fixed responsibility to help in quick decision. Line organization is also known as vertical organization or departmental organization. (iii) Line officers are slow to accept new ideas and they resist change. Line should value the special skills of staff and similarly the staff should try to appreciate the difficulties in implementing new ideas. Thus, this system may encourage carelessness on the part of the staff officer. It is the simplest form of organization and very simple to understand and implement. Since the employees are grouped by their knowledge and skills, competition may arise between them. The executive is overloaded at each level of organization. line authority, line and staff authority, centralized or decentralized authority, formal or informal authority maximize profits Each management structure has its own advantages and disadvantages. J.D Mooney and A.C Reiley introduced the idea of line organization. It is physically not possible for him to learn and acquire the skills of the jobs he looks into and at the same time be able to do justice to each job. In line and staff organization, the hierarchy remains same as in the line organization, but specialists are attached to the front line managers to advise and guide them on significant issues. Hence, it is quite expensive and small and medium-sized concerns cannot afford it. It is difficult to establish and is costly too. Jean Jacques Rousseau Biography, Books and Philosophy, What are the Qualities of A Good Observer, What is Legislation Definition and Overview of …, Sources of Law, Customs, Religion, Equity, Legislation …. 1. The line managers have the following to say about the staff people: (i) Staff authority undermines line authority and interferes in the work of line managers. It Is Cost Efficient As mentioned, in this organizational structure, there are fewer (or no) manager layers between the executive and the staff. Opportunities for Advancement. Bad decisions can be made under the guise of expertise. Both line and staff should try to understand each other's responsibilities and difficulties and try to co-operate with each other for the achievement of enterprise objectives. 2. They should state reasons in case they cannot accept the advice. 1. There are majorly five main types of formal organizational structures – line, functional, line and staff, project management and matrix. This type of structure is called a functional organizational structure or line and functional organization. (iv) Advice given by the staff is not always sound. The line organization has the following advantages:1. Every person in the organization is in the direct chain of command. This organization is based on scalar basis. The flow of this authority is always downwards. (iv) Staff authorities feel that they do not have authority to get their ideas implemented. Sound Decisions: In this type, the decisions are made by experts and hence, there is a possibility of making sound managerial decisions. 2. 1. 3. ADVANTAGES OF LINE AND STAFF ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE 2. WHO IS A LINE MANAGER? The following are some disadvantages of the functional organization structure: 1. Lower level personnel favorably react to simple the multiple authority. 4. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers.A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority.. Disadvantages of a Line Organization A line organization can suffer from a lack of specialization. Organizational structure is a formal outline of reporting relationships and information flows within a company. We are focused on line and staff style of organizations because they are closely knitted. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 1. Expert Advice: The staff officers provide expert advice and guidance to line officers and by this, the enterprise as a whole gets benefit. 2. Because the flat organizational structure is essentially a “bottom up” type of hierarchy, there is tremendous reliance on the expertise of the front-line staff. (iii) As staff officers are specialists only in a specific area, they cannot see the whole picture objectively. Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. Expensive: This type requires the appointment of a large number of experts involving heavy expenditure. One of the key advantages is that this structure provides line personnel with expertise from staff groups. He cannot claim to be an expert in all types of jobs he handles. Lack of Specialization. Line leaders develop strategic plans and make decisions that drive revenue and impact the bottom line. 3. Matrix Structure. In type of organization is flexible in character. Good control, direction and direction is possible in line organization because of fixed responsibility. Following are some demerits and disadvantages of line organization or vertical organization. It is the simplest form of organisation structure and is also known as scalar or military organisation. Disadvantages . Each of these has their own advantages and drawbacks. 3. Today complex business and industrial organizations need specialization. Line and staff organization is a costly organiza­tion as the line executives are supported by highly paid staff executives who are experts. Responsibility is fixed. Matrix organization for a small and large business: An outline, advantages, disadvantages, conclusion. Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. 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